Dr. Callaway was associated with Duke University Medical Center since its beginning. He graduated with the medical school’s second class in 1933 at the age of 22. On July 1, 1937, he joined the Duke University Medical Center staff as its first dermatologist.
In 1939, Dr. Callaway was named the first chief of dermatology at Duke University Medical Center, a position he held for almost 36 years. In 1967, he was named James B. Duke Professor of Dermatology in recognition of his unique contribution to Duke University and dermatology.
During his career, Dr. Callaway served as president of the American Academy of Dermatology, the American Dermatological Association, the American Board of Dermatology, and the Society of Investigative Dermatology. He is author or co-author of more than 160 scholarly publications.
In 1972, the American Academy of Dermatology awarded Dr. Callaway its Gold Medal, only the eighth awarded since the founding of the Academy in 1938. Dr. Callaway has trained more than 75 dermatologists; nine became heads of dermatology departments at other medical schools. Under his leadership, Duke University Medical Center’s division of Dermatology achieved a national recognition for excellence in patient care, teaching and research.